Addressing people in Turkish - Hitaplar
Here you can learn how to call or address people in Turkish.
The most common forms of address are presented along with explanations and examples.
|Form of address||Usage|
|Efendim||It is one of the most common forms of address.
It can have the following meanings:
1. Sir! Madam! (calling someone in the street)
2. I beg your pardon! (For something we haven't understood in a conversation)
3. Hello! (Answering the phone)
4. As "my Master - my Lord".
Examples: Efendim! Tabii efendim! Yüzüklerin efendisi (The Lord of the rings).
|Beyefendi||It means "sir". It's used to call or address somebody when we don't know his name.
Examples: Merhaba beyefendi. Beyefendi!
|Hanımefendi||It means "Madam / Mrs". It's used to call or address a lady when we don't know her name.
Examples: İyi akşamlar hanımefendi. Hanımefendi!
|Bay||It means "Mister / Mr". It is used before the name. You can see it in documents.
Examples: Bay Mehmet Öztürk.
|Bayan||It means "Mrs / Ms". It is used before the name. You can see it in documents
Examples: Bayan Ayşe Erdoğan.
|Bey||It means "Mister". It is used after the name. You can see it in documents or hear it in the street.
Examples: Ali bey. Orhan bey. Müdür bey (Director, Manager). Günaydın doktor bey.
|Hanım||It means "Mrs / Ms". It is used after the name. You can see it in documents or hear it in the street.
Examples: Ebru hanım. Merhaba doktor hanım.
|Abi||It is an abbreviation of the word ağabey, which means "big brother". It is used in the family, between friends in the street, or from a shopkeeper who is calling a (possible) client.
It shows the same respect as to the big brother of the family.
Examples: Buyurun abi. Ne haber abi?
|Abla||It means "big sister". It is used in the family and in the street.
It shows the same respect as to the big sister of the family.
Examples: Tamam abla, buyur abla.
|Amca||It means "uncle - father's brother". It is used to address an older man. It shows respect.
Examples: Bakar mısın amca? Günaydın amca.
|Teyze||It means "aunt - mother's sister". It is used to address an older woman. It shows respect.
Examples: Sağol teyze, tabii teyze.
|Baba||It means "father", but it is also used to address an older wise person.
Examples: Sağol baba, Noel Baba (Santa Claus)
|Sayın||It means "dear / estimable". It is used to address an official guest, an officer, a priest, a hodja, an intellectual person etc.
Examples: Sayın Başbakan (Prime Minister). Sayın Patrik (Patriarch).
|Aşkım||It means "my love / my beloved one".
Examples: Aşkım çay ister misin?
|Canım||It means "dear / darling / my soul".
Examples: Nasılsın canım? Seni çok özledim.
|Dostum||It means "my friend".
Examples: Ne haber dostum? Ne var ne yok dostum?
|Hayatım||It means "my life".
Examples: Hayatım seni çok seviyorum.
|Sevgili/Sevgilim||They are used in letters and emails. The word sevgili means "dear". It is addressed to a friend.
The word sevgilim means "my love".
Examples: Sevgili müsteriler (Dear customers). Sevgilim beni affet (Forgive me my love).
|Hocam||It means "my teacher".
Examples: Tabii hocam.