Here we have two nouns that have a classical relation of possession between them.
In this case we apply the possessive case on the 1st noun and use the 3rd person of possessive for the 2nd noun.
1. Ali's car (araba).
Ali + araba becomes Ali'nin arabası.
2. My mother's (annem) address (adres).
annem + adres becomes annemin adresi.
3. Child's (çocuk) flower (çiçek) .
çocuk + çiçek becomes çocuğun çiçeği.
In contrast with the possessives, sometimes there are in the same sentence two nouns that have a relation between them, different than the classical relation of possession.
In this case we must use the grammar rule of noun compound (tamlama).
To build correctly the sentence, we use the 3rd person of possessive for the 2nd noun. The 1st noun remains the same.
1. The bus (otobüs) for Taksim.
Taksim + otobüs becomes Taksim otobüsü.
Notice that the we used the possessive only for the 2nd noun. The 1st one remained unchanged. The possessive expression Taksim'in otobüsü is not correct, because the bus doesn't belong, with the classical meaning, to Taksim.
2. The word for the shark consists of two words: köpek (dog) and balık (fish). To create the word for the shark, we use the possessive only for the 2nd noun. So it becomes köpekbalığı.
The possessive expression köpeğin balğığı, is not correct because has the meaning: Dog's fish.
3. The University (Üniversite) of İzmir.
İzmir + Üniversite becomes İzmir Üniversitesi.
Even here, we used the possessive only for the 2nd noun. The possessive expression İzmir'in Üniversitesi is not correct, because the University does not belong, with the classical meaning to Izmir.
- For a detailed presentation of noun compounds and possessives go to the corresponding menu options.